Fencing is a Martial Art that developed from a fighting technique. Before its occurrence as a sport Fencing was widely spread as a duel form, especially in noble families. Today this Martial Arts is often called sport fencing. The different types of weapons are foil, epee and saber, most conceptions are in French, so the official competition language is also French.
Sport Fencing is operated since ancient times, originally Fencing was an armed duel, whereby handguards and weapons with long blades were used. By this handguard adversarial attacks could be countered. By the invention of gunpowder the armored knight with sword lost its meaning, swords became lighter to be better usable.